Jersey Terminology

Alternate or Special Issue Jersey

Occasionally to commemorate special occasions or events a team will were a unique jersey. This jersey can be the team's normal home or away jersey with special patches and/or number and letter sets applied or the jersey can even be a unique in its design and color scheme.

See Also:
Back to Top Away, Home, Primary, Secondary

Authentic Jerseys

Jerseys that come direct from the team's jersey manufacturer and that are in most cases cosmetically identical to actual player jerseys. This jerseys may even include league sanctioned letters and numbers but are often missing unique or special issue patches and/or champion badges.

See Also:
Back to Top Game Worn, Replica, Team Issued

Away Jersey

In the first twelve years of MLS the jersey a team wore on when it was it was the visiting team.

See Also:
Back to Top Alternate or Special Issue, Home, Primary, Secondary

Certificate of Authenticity (COA)

A Certificate of Authenticity (COA) is an official and notarized document put forth to demonstrate that a jersey is authentic. A valid and legit jersey COA will include specific details about the item such as the name of the player, the number of the player, the name of the team, the style of the jersey (home, away, alternate, special, etc.) the type of jersey (game worn, team issued, replica, etc.) sleeve type (long or short), and whether or not it was signed along with details of when it was worn (match date or jersey issue time period) along with any other specific or related information about the piece. A valid and legit jersey COA should also state the qualifications and full contact information of the individual or entity that authored the certificate with his or her complete and current contact information. Most official Major League Soccer issued jerseys have COAs attached to them which contain a unique registered serial number and proprietary Major League Soccer hologram seal affixed to them and are signed and dated by a league management official. Only a few Major League Soccer teams issue COAs with jerseys (DC United is the one team that is known to regular issues COAs with seal and signature) most teams issue Letters of Authenticity (LOA). Any jersey that is issued with a COA or LOA from outside the league offices of Major League Soccer or Major League Soccer teams are NOT official and most of the pieces that accompany them are fake non-legit items. In the case of signed jerseys, the signature may be a forgery. This is because currently both the league and teams authorize no outside source for authentication.

See Also:
Back to Top Letter of Authenticity (LOA)

Champions Badge or Scudetto

At the start of the 2006 season, MLS created their version of the scudetto or Champions Badge. Scudetto translates to "small shield" in Italian and is traditional worn to honor the champion in the Italian League top flight division Serie A. The MLS scudetto is a curved, triangular badge featuring a backdrop of the American flag behind a replica of the MLS Cup trophy. The MLS scudetto is worn by the winning team the season following their MLS Cup victory. The 2005 MLS Cup champion, the Los Angeles Galaxy was the first team to wear the scudetto.

See Also:
Back to Top Champions Star

Champions Star

Two years after winning MLS Cup and one year after wearing the MLS Scudetto MLS a team can add a MLS Cup champions star above the logo crest on their jersey. DC United have four stars, the San Jose Earthquakes and Los Angeles Galaxy have two stars while the Chicago Fire, Kansas City Wizards and Houston Dynamo have one star for each of their MLS Cup wins. In the 2009 season the Houston Dynamo will add a second star for their second MLS Cup win in 2007 season.

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Back to Top Champions Badge or Scudetto

Game Worn Jerseys

A jersey that was officially prepared with proper league sanctioned letters, numbers and patches by a team's equipment manager and issued to a player to be worn during a match and then in turn worn in an actual game. Basically the jersey off of the player's back which can be pinned down to a specific game or games when it was worn through valid authentication.

See Also:
Back to Top Authentic, Replica, Team Issued

Home Jersey

In the first twelve years of MLS the jersey a team wore on its home field.

See Also:
Back to Top Away, Alternate or Special Issue, Primary, Secondary

Kits

The European term for uniforms.

See Also:
Back to Top Uniforms

Letter of Authenticity (LOA)

A Letter of Authenticity (COA) is an official and notarized document put forth to demonstrate that a jersey is authentic. A valid and legit jersey LOA may include specific details about the item such as the name of the player, the number of the player, the name of the team, the style of the jersey (home, away, alternate, special, etc.) the type of jersey (game worn, team issued, replica, etc.) sleeve type (long or short), and whether or not the jersey was signed along with details of when it was worn (match date or jersey issue time period) along with any other specific or related information about the piece. A valid and legit jersey LOA should also state the qualifications and full contact information of the individual or entity that authored the certificate with his or her complete and current contact information. Most Major League Soccer game worn and team issued jerseys made available from teams have LOAs attached to them rather than COAs. All league game worn and team issued jerseys have COAs attached to them. Any jersey that is issued with a COA or LOA from outside the league offices of Major League Soccer or Major League Soccer teams are NOT official and most of the pieces that accompany them are fake non-legit items. In the case of signed jerseys, the signature may be a forgery. This is because currently both the league and teams authorize no outside source for authentication.

See Also:
Back to Top Certificate of Authenticity (COA)

Primary Jersey

Starting in 2008 MLS has begun using the term primary jerseys for what was traditionally known as a team's home jersey. This came about in effort to reduce confusion when team's uniforms were similar during TV coverage and to further increase each team's branding. The league now encourages teams to use their primary jersey as much as possible, even while on the road. Most teams only use their secondary/away colors when their primary jerseys colors conflict with the opposing team.

See Also:
Back to Top Away, Alternate or Special Issue, Home, Secondary

Replica Jerseys

A replica is a jersey you can buy from your team shop, local retailer or online store. While close to what players were they are usually of lesser quality and often do not have all the league sanctioned letters, numbers and patches.

See Also:
Back to Top Authentic, Game Worn, Team Issued

Secondary Jersey

Starting in 2008 MLS has begun using the term secondary or change jerseys for what was traditionally known as a team's away jersey. This came about in effort to reduce confusion when team's uniforms were similar during TV coverage and to further increase each team's branding. The league now encourages teams to use their primary jersey as much as possible, even while on the road. Most teams only use their secondary/away colors when their primary jerseys colors conflict with the opposing team.

See Also:
Back to Top Away, Alternate or Special Issue, Home, Primary

Shirts

The European term for jerseys.

See Also:
Back to Top Kits

Team Issued Jerseys

A jersey that was officially prepared with proper and league sanctioned letters, numbers and patches by a team's equipment manager and issued to a player to be worn during a match. A player may have never entered the match for that day thus gaining no playing time and establishing the jersey as team issued and not game worn. Additionally many players have multiple jerseys prepared for them on match days and these surplus jerseys that are prepared but not worn are also considered team issued.

See Also:
Back to Top Authentic, Game Worn, Replica

Uniforms

In regards to soccer in the United States, a uniform consist of a jersey, shorts and socks.

See Also:
Back to Top Kits, Jerseys